Symptoms

Disease

Chlamydia

The infection of mucous membranes lining the genitals may lead to inflammatory disease (PID) in women and infertility in both men and women.

How you get it

 

By having vaginal or anal sex without a condom with someone who has the infection; from mother-to-baby (eye and chest infection)

Symptoms

 

Women often have no symptoms. But they may experience pain with sexual intercourse, lower abdominal pain, or changes in their bleeding pattern.

Men may have no symptoms or they may experience a watery or thick discharge from penis or pain during urination.

Treatment

 

Antibiotics

Gonorrhoea

Bacterial infection of genitals, throat, or anus. May lead to infertility particularly in women.

 

By having vaginal, anal or oral sex without a condom with someone who has the infection; from mother-to-baby (eye infections).

 

Women usually experience no symptoms, but may have pain with sex, vaginal discharge, or lower abdominal pain.

Men may have no symptoms or experience discharge from penis or anus, pain in testicles, and pain during urination.

 

Antibiotics

Syphilis

Bacterial infection entering the body through breaks in skin or linings of the genital area; may damage internal organs (heart, brain, spinal cord) over time.

 

By having vaginal, anal or oral sex without a condom with someone who has the infection; from mother-to-child during pregnancy.

 

Initially, painless chancres usually on genitals. Swollen glands, rashes, and hair loss may be experienced over time.

 

Antibiotics with follow-up blood tests

Hepatitis B

Viral infection affecting the liver.

 

Through vaginal, anal, or oral sex without a condom with someone who has the infection; form mother-to-child. By sharing needles, syringes, toothbrushes, razors and unsterilized instruments that pierce the skin.

 

Hepatitis B often has no symptoms. You may have mild flu-like illness, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, or yellowing of the skin and eyes.

 

Rest, exercise, and a healthy low-fat diet plus prescribed over-the-counter medicine

Hepatitis C

Viral infection affecting the liver.

 

Possibly through sexual contact, by sharing needles or syringes or after contact with infected blood.

 

Hepatitis C often has no symptoms. You may have mild flu-like illness, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, or yellowing of the skin and eyes.

 

Rest, exercise, and a healthy low-fat diet

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus damages the immune system making it can difficult to fight off infections.

 

HIV is transmitted through blood, semen and vaginal fluids, sharing needles, and from mother-to-child.Possibly through sexual contact, by sharing needles or syringes or after contact with infected blood.

 

No obvious symptoms for years.

 

Secondary infections can be treated or prevented. Keeping well for longer is possible with good care. However, no known cure available